How the Town of Churchill Learned to Love its Polar BearsAuthor Ed Struzik ISBN 9781554553228 Binding Trade Paper Publisher Fitzhenry & Whiteside Publication Date September 12, 2014 Size 203 x 254 mm
For nearly a quarter century, the polar bears of Churchill were routinely run down and shot by the military, by residents and by conservation officers who were brought in during the late 1960s to protect people. According to one scientist who was there at the time, polar bears were treated more like "great white rats" than the world's largest predator. But then something remarkable happened in 1970s. Churchill residents, most of whom are aboriginal, decided that it was time to find a more peaceful way of living with polar bears. The plan that was eventually penned by a committee of concerned citizens and a handful of Manitoba government officials, resulted in what amounted to a polar bear jail for so-called "problem bears" that would otherwise be shot. A more humane protocol for deterring bears was recommended, and opportunities for wildlife viewing were envisioned. The committee also insisted that scientific research and public education needed to guide future management decisions.
In the years that followed, scientists conducted studies on the polar bear's social behavior, their responses to sound and pain, and the impact that three to fourth months of fasting has on their health. Bears were studied
- At the town dump,
- In their dens,
- On the sea ice,
- In an experimental chamber that was set up in an old laundry room at one of the abandoned military buildings.
- They were put on giant treadmills and hooked up to respiratory machines to measure the amount of energy they burned off.
- Some were soaked in oil to see how they would respond to a spill.
The plan was not perfect by any means, and unofficially, it has been a work in progress ever since. There has, however, never been anything quite like it outside of the African Safari system.
The book describes how 1,000 mostly aboriginal people living on the west coast of Hudson Bay found a way to live with 1,000 polar bears.
Ed Struzik is an award-winning writer who has spent the better part of the past 29 years focusing on the Arctic. This will be his fourth book. His articles and photographs have appeared in Canadian Geographic, Equinox, Yale Environment 360, International Wildlife, Geo (Russia), Explore Magazine, Nature Canada, Report on Business Magazine and Great Decisions. He lives in Edmonton, Alberta, with his wife and two children.
"An elegantly written and beautifully illustrated work. . . Struzik is the right person to author this book. On his first visit to Churchill in 1983 he was eyewitness to the town's last fatal mauling. He isn't blinkered about the dangers of these animals to humans. He clearly loves them, but both his text and photographs are sometimes clear about the violence the animals are capable of. Arctic Icons emerges as an environmental book that honestly addresses the tenuous relationship between modern society and the natural world. Faced with a formidable challenge, the citizens of Churchill, working alongside scientists, have done a remarkable job of coexisting with bears. 'Flawed and controversial as the management of these animals has sometimes been,' Struzik writes, 'it is arguably one of the most successful conservation success stories in North American history.'"
— Alaska Dispatch News
"Struzik provides a thorough, candid narrative of the history and management practices surrounding polar bears, including existing challenges and emerging opportunities. Much of the book comprises vignettes that provide context and examples of human/wildlife conflicts and conservation efforts. Ultimately, in a world where the sea ice in western Hudson Bay is projected to disappear before the end of the current century, additional funding and scientific advice may not be sufficient to save polar bears in this part of the world. However, it is still crucial to derive lessons and best practices from previous undertakings so that effective polar bear management strategies can be developed and implemented widely among remaining populations."
— Choice Magazine